Our newest collaboration with the ocean conservation NGO Oceana applies available open source technology to assess vessel behavior for patterns related to forced labor. Take a look at the report here.
A related piece of work, Illegal Fishing and Human Rights Abuses at Sea: Dark Patterns, Risky Business, and Money Laundering, can be found here.
Illegal Fishing and Human Rights Abuses at Sea: Dark Patterns, Risky Business, and Money Laundering
Human trafficking is a crime of crimes. It includes elements of document forgery, fraud, illegal border crossing, kidnapping, physical violence, slavery, and sexual assault. It is often, but not always, transnational in nature, involving the movement of bodies across invisible or physical borders. It is exploitative at its very core. Trafficking in persons is the fastest growing transnational criminal enterprise in the world, generating $150 billion US dollars yearly and enslaving an estimated 21.9 million people.
The cases we broadly reference in this document have elements of modern slavery, which includes both human trafficking, where individuals are transported against their will via force, fraud, or coercion, and forced labor, where trafficked individuals are forced against their will to labor in inhumane conditions. Conditions of forced labor can occur without the act of trafficking, for example if the worker has agreed to work on a fishing vessel under one set of conditions but later find that the conditions are different from what was agreed, and is unable to leave to due violence, threats, physical restraints, physical isolation, or debt bondage. Accounts also exist from workers that include them being drugged, kidnapped, and sold.
To read more about what tools are available to help financial institutions find and root out slavery in their holdings, click here.