The work of the Operational Research & Analysis Programme is to prevent and protect those vulnerable to and victims of exploitation by ensuring that information about the circumstances, perpetrators, transactions, product movement, and beneficiaries is made available to the wide range of relevant stakeholders.  

Drawing upon a large pool of sources, information and data is gathered from Liberty Shared’s many partnerships, industry specific intelligence, grassroots knowledge and a wide universe of open-source material. 

Program Activities

Information and research is made available by a means of a number of operational / actionable information products that can be applied to a wide range of recipients across society such as government agencies, financial services providers, regulatory bodies, and industry stakeholders who will be able to improve their decision making, whether for their mission or their own risk management, but resulting in further protection of the vulnerable by reducing exploitation.  

Our AML & Anti-Corruption Typology Information Products show financial service providers a mapping of the underlying predicate crimes and transactions occurring to generate revenue from exploitation driving profit seeking. Users can identify the points of potential exposure to risk and liability in industries in which there is a prevalence and incidence of labor exploitation. The AML & Anti-Corruption typology products provide recipients, such as financial institutions, with the knowledge to identify entities, jurisdictional/market risk and involvement, different criminal strategies, criminal offences committed and the transactions to move products. At the simplest level, these AML Information Products provide information for red flags about transactions in specific industries but also provide a richer understanding of the context and drivers of exploitation for deeper understanding and prediction.

Our AML Typology Information Product is available to vetted financial service providers via our weekly typology presentation webinars. Click here to request access to or more information on our AML Typology Information Products!

Our Operational Information Products provide a more comprehensive understanding of the relationship between exploitation and industry. In addition to understanding the route of specific transactional exchanges within a supply chain, the Operational Information Products include information on the communities of the victims, a comprehensive account of the social impact on their lives, knowledge of the wider range of actors directly and indirectly engaging in activities of exploitation, the direct and indirect beneficiaries (for example those providing insurance) and product transportation routes.

Liberty Shared worked alongside a set of fishing industry stakeholders to create the Seafood Slavery Risk Tool for use by fishing industry stakeholders to understand their risk of profiting from exploitation.

ORA has contributed and developed the accuracy of the tool by  supplying information on specific bad actors, their modi operandi, where they operate, the species they fish, the vessels and entities to which they are connected, and updated information about allegations, charges, and convictions within the fisheries covered by the SSRT analysts.  The information allows the analyst quick access to accurate information that puts the bad actors in the context of the fishery, which aids the analyst in clearly stating the risk of slavery in each fishery.

Our Investor Information Products provide investors deeper and more accurate information and due diligence on industries, targets and issuers and their position and role in the structure of an industry in relation to exploitative practices and, for investors and business investing in companies and groups explaining how revenue and profit is derived other industries relying on exploitation. Common examples are agriculture, garment manufacture, and construction who are all known to still draw and rely on labor from vulnerable populations enabled by fragile rule of law, low transparency and weak law enforcement.

Our Operational Information Products and Investor Information Products can be made available to vetted recipients by request. Click here to request more information.

Produced in partnership with Standard Chartered Bank:

PRODUCED BY Liberty Shared


What's next ?

Financial crime professionals and law enforcement can sign up for our weekly typology presentation webinars.

We are continuing to create and distribute operational information products for a variety of recipients including government agencies, financial services providers, regulatory bodies and industry stakeholders.

Interested parties may contact

Our work

In addition to papers authored by ORA analysts, contributors, and thought leaders, our work has been used to support and inform anti-exploitation initiatives globally.

Liberty Shared (2019) Dark Patterns, Risky Business, and Money Laundering: Illegal Fishing and Human Rights Abuses at Sea

Oceana (2019) Illegal Fishing and Human Rights Abuses at Sea

Liberty Shared (2019) Increased Transparency in the Seafood Industry

Blackpeak (2018) Guilt by Association: The Importance of Child Labor Due Diligence.

Winrock (2018) The Promise of Anti-Money Laundering Frameworks to Reduce Human Trafficking

CohenMilstein (2016) Human Trafficking and Forced Labor Victims File Lawsuit Against California-based Seafood Importers

Blackpeak (2016) “From High Seas to High Finance”

Thomson Reuters (2016) “Pirate Fishing, Slavery, and Third Party Risk”

Seafood Slavery Risk Tool (2018) Seafood Slavery Risk Tool


The Financial Action Task Force (“FATF”) has outlined the money laundering risks from trafficking in human beings - financial services compliance professionals, and those that advise or support them, can find out more information from the following resources:

Money Laundering Risks Arising from Trafficking of Human Beings and Smuggling of Migrants (FATF, July 2011)

Guidance on Recognizing Activity that May be Associated with Human Smuggling and Human Trafficking – Financial Red Flags (FinCen, 2014)

Human Trafficking, Customer and Financial Transaction Traits That May Present Risk (OSCE, 2014)

Global Slavery Index (Walk Free Foundation, 2016) - bi-annual country ranking of 167 countries

Trafficking in Persons Report (US State Department, 2015) - annual country ranking into Tiers 1/2/3

List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor (US Department of Labour, 2014)